Dissertation Methodology Structure for Postgrads
A dissertation is divided into different chapters, each with its own purpose and function. The methodology section allows a student to explain their choice of methods preferred for that research. After all, there are numerous research methods. So you must have a valid reason why you opted to focus only on a few of them. The reasons given must relate to your research question and objectives of the dissertation.
The trick that all excellent students use to write their dissertation methodology is to ensure the information given is simple enough to be replicated by someone else and yield the same results. The chapter also functions to showcase how the student reached a specific conclusion in relation to the hypothesis. If the method is accurately described, then the examiner will have no issues understanding how you tested the hypothesis or answered the research question.
Methodology chapter: Appropriate Structure to Use
Positivism, post-positivism, and interpretivism are words that students in doctoral are familiar with. In a dissertation, they are research philosophies that showcase a student’s worldview in scientific and society based. In a scientific setting, positivism research and quantitative methods are commonly applied. On the other hand, society based theory is associated with interpretivism research and qualitative methods.
The research pathway to use depends on which path best fits with your study’s objectives and aims. For instance, positivism and quantitative leads to using questionnaires, scientific experiments, and surveys. On the other hand, qualitative and interpretivism leads to interviews, observation, and ethnography.
As a result, positivism makes use of research data that is quantifiable and verifiable. Hence it uses numbers. Since interpretivism is society based analysis of research cannot be done with numbers that is why instead it takes the in-depth assessment procedure to help answer the hypothesis. Post positivism includes both qualitative and quantitative methods to give a realistic perspective.
Explain the Research Strategy
After explaining whether you used primary or secondary sources, the next crucial step is to showcase the strategy you used to collect data. Include a brief explanation of how the method chosen contributed to testing the research hypothesis. Be honest about the flaws in the techniques, but any information added must refer back to the aims and objectives. Ensure the presented content is working to showcase that the results obtained are reliable and valid.
After expounding on what means were used to collect data, the next step is to highlight the analysis tools used and why they were preferred over others. The analysis must provide a clear path to how you arrived at your findings. State why the tools enhance accuracy and how they helped test the stated hypothesis.
End your methodology section by discussing the reliability, validity, ethics, and limitations of your research. Make it clear that your results are valid and reliable, and take steps to ensure research ethics was taken into account. For the ethic subjection discuss issues related to data protection and confidentiality. While not every dissertation methodology will have a subsection on generalizability, the limitation section is a must-have.